The hottest EU and EC packaging regulation I

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EU (European Community) packaging regulations (I)

1 The forms of EU regulations are: regulations, directives, decisions, recommendations and advice, among which the recommendations and opinions are not binding

the regulations introduced in this chapter are mainly directives. The directive is binding on all Member States. The directive only requires Member States to achieve the objectives required by the directive, and the ways and measures of implementing the directive are selected by the institutions of Member States. The directive is issued to Member States. Directives are usually issued by the European Parliament and the Council in accordance with the responsibilities conferred by the European Community treaties. The EU is planning to formulate a constitution. At present, the EC Treaty is equivalent to the EU constitution. Ntent twffan= "done"> 2 Contents and characteristics of EU directive

EU directive stipulates the basic requirements, which are the measurement of technical deformation, and the measurement of technical regulations through the installation of deformation measurement

essential requirements

basic requirements stipulate the basic elements of protecting the public interest

the basic requirements are mandatory, and only products that meet the basic requirements can be put on the market and delivered for use

basic requirements mainly refer to the requirements of products in terms of life, environment and national security, consumer interests and energy consumption. As far as the main technical content is concerned, EU directives are equivalent to China's mandatory national standards. The difference is that EU directives involve taxes, stipulate the obligations of manufacturers, suppliers, importers and operators, and mention the obligations of consumers, while China's mandatory national standards usually do not cover these contents. For the packaging of goods exported to the EU, we should first understand the basic requirements in the EU directives on Packaging:

the technical documents related to the basic requirements among WTO member countries are mutually open, and the terms that can correspond to the basic requirements in our standards are: exclusive requirements

the basic requirement is the first technical threshold of market access, and only by crossing this threshold can we be qualified to participate in market competition

2.1 94/62/ec packaging and packaging waste

directive 94/62/ec is based on the requirements of environment and life safety, and the rational utilization of energy and resources, and puts forward corresponding requirements and objectives for all links of packaging and packaging materials, packaging management, design, production, circulation, use and consumption. The technical content involves packaging and environment, packaging and life safety, packaging and the utilization of energy and resources. Special attention should be paid to deriving specific technical measures based on these requirements and objectives. In addition, the specific implementation of the relevant directives, coordination standards and conformity assessment system

directive 94/62/ec was fully implemented in 1997. However, some EU Member States disagree with the recycling rate of packaging materials, such as the evaluation of environmental protection, economy, feasibility and safety of reusable or disposable beverage bottles. On February 11, 2004, the European Union promulgated the amendment 2004/12/ec to 94/62/ec, which stipulates that the overall recovery rate is 60% and the recycling rate is 55%. In addition, specific recycling rates are specified: Glass 60%, paper and paperboard 60%, metal 50%, plastic 25%, wood 15%. The heavy metal concentration index has not changed

the maximum allowable limit of harmful heavy metal content specified in Article 11 of directive 94/62/ec is 100 mg/kg, which aims to protect groundwater sources and soil. The scope of implementation covers all packaging and packaging materials

after the final landfilling of slag formed by metal recycling and smelting, waste slag formed by glass recycling and melting, composite materials, some paper and plastics that are not easy to be recycled as resources, and residues formed by incineration in the form of energy recovery, harmful substances will pollute groundwater sources through infiltration

compost obtained after aerobic or anaerobic biodegradation is related to soil. Special attention should be paid to the fact that the packaging materials used are not easily degradable. The European community has other regulations on Soil and soil improvement. Relevant laws and regulations are quoted in en 13432 and the "tightening" button on the control box is pressed

annex a (normative annex) of directive 94/62/ec gives provisions on the maximum allowable element content of packaging materials and all packaging, and requires the weight of the tested substance to be measured by 50% of the residual inorganic minerals (non degradable). See Appendix 17 for details

directive 94/62/ec is mainly divided into two parts, namely, the restriction of packaging and packaging waste containing substances harmful to the environment and the measures to reduce resource consumption. The following two regulations related to directive 94/62/ec can understand the effect of the directive and interpret what Europeans call the "unified European common market"

special reminder: the maximum allowable limit of harmful heavy metal content specified in Article 11 of directive 94/62/ec is 100 mg/kg, which is the basic requirement for each package. It should be understood as the bottom line or minimum requirement, but it is not the only requirement

2.2 1999/177/ec is related to the content of heavy metals specified in Directive 94/62/EC. The committee decided to reduce the requirements for relevant plastic boxes and plastic pallets.

directive 94/62/ec really provides suitable connection and support after in-situ polymerization at body temperature. After implementation, in view of the reusable and recyclable characteristics of some products, that is, to relax the restrictions on the content of heavy metals, corresponding technical measures have been taken at the same time

in EU directives and relevant technical documents, reuse (waste reduction) is first advocated, followed by recyclable regeneration (resource recovery), and then recyclable utilization (energy recovery). Plastic packaging containers meet the above requirements. Moreover, plastic comes from oil, natural gas and coal. Even if it is used once and then burned, it is considered acceptable as energy recovery

in the European Union, the use of plastic packaging materials has shown an increasing trend due to the extensive use of large incinerators for waste disposal

2.3 1999/42/ec Commission decision approving Austria to take relevant measures in accordance with Article 6 and paragraph 6 of 94/62/EC

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